But frequently there is more than one issue at play. Sometimes there is a sickness absence or performance concern which is being addressed, or a disciplinary process ongoing because of a conduct issue, and a grievance is thrown into the mix. Here are suggestions for dealing with grievances when they come mixed in with something else.
When a new grievance raises the same issues as a previous one
If an employee submits a grievance raising issues that you have already addressed through an earlier grievance, you need to ascertain whether there is indeed anything new (perhaps new evidence or a new incident) for you to investigate. Clearly just being unhappy with the outcome of a previous grievance (provided they were given the right of appeal) isn’t sufficient justification for raising a new one, but sometimes employees do this, perhaps waiting a while and then ‘trying again’. Find out whether there is genuinely anything new, and if not, write confirming that no new investigation/hearing will take place as the issue has already been addressed.
When a grievance comes during a disciplinary process
Sometimes an employee who is already subject to a disciplinary process raises a grievance simultaneously. What you do in this scenario depends upon the nature of the grievance. It could relate to the disciplinary process in some way, either because it raises concerns with how the disciplinary process is being conducted (or that it is being conducted at all), or because it perhaps offers mitigating circumstances/a defence to the allegations being made.
If it is related, then there is usually no need to deal with the grievance separately. You can offer the employee a meeting during the disciplinary process to set out his or her concerns, or could instead ensure that the employees concerns are all considered during the planned meetings you are having for the disciplinary procedure, i.e. that mitigating circumstances are fully considered and discussed, and that concerns about procedure are acknowledged, addressed if possible/appropriate and/or can be raised in an appeal hearing.
If the grievance has nothing to do with the disciplinary process it will be better to deal with it separately, and invoke your normal grievance procedure. There will not normally be any reason to suspend the disciplinary procedure while you do this, and in fact a key principle of dealing with grievances is to do so without unnecessary delay.
When new issues are added to a grievance
Sometimes it happens that an individual raises a grievance, you look into their concerns, hold a hearing to discuss them and then either at the hearing or subsequently, they add new things into the mix. Where a process is almost finished and a decision is more or less made, it can be tempting to brush aside new things being added. But doing this can be risky, and instead it would be advisable to put a decision on hold, look into the new issues as well, and then reach a decision which genuinely takes into account everything that has been raised.
When a new grievance is raised before another is finished
It is certainly not unheard of for an employee to raise a new grievance when they have an existing one still ‘open’. Because dealing with grievances promptly is a key principle, it might be advisable to offer the employee the opportunity to fold both in together into one hearing. If they are completely unrelated this may not be appropriate.
When a grievance is raised during a performance or absence management process
Sometimes you might be going through a process of managing concerns you have regarding someone’s performance at work, or excessive sickness absence, and a grievance is raised. Just as if this happens during a disciplinary process, you should consider whether the grievance relates to the ongoing performance/absence management process.
You will need to follow your grievance process however you do not need to suspend the other process you are going through. If the grievance relates to procedure being used, you can continue the procedure while listening to concerns and adjusting procedure if necessary. Sometimes a grievance is raised because the employee feels that the performance/absence management process is unjustified, but again you can carry on with it while you separately consider the issues raised in the grievance.
If you need some advice on dealing with a complex grievance in your business, do get in touch.